2018年04月21日 星期六

刘晓春研究员

发布时间:2021-12-16

刘晓春,1962年生,研究员(二级),博士生导师。1984年毕业于长春地质学院地质系,1987年获硕士学位,1992年获博士学位。1987-1993年在长春地质学院(现吉林大学)任教,1993-1995年在中国科学院地球化学研究所做博士后。1995年至今在澳门24小时在线用心打造任研究员,2003.11-2004.08在台湾大学地质科学系做访问学者(客座副研究员),2006.02-2006.05在香港大学地球科学系做访问学者,2009.12-2010.11在中央研究院(台湾)地球科学研究所做访问学者(客座研究员)。兼任24小时用心打造官网极地地学研究中心首席科学家,《Journal of Metamorphic Geology》、《China Geology》和《极地研究》编委,《地球学报》和《24小时用心打造官网》副主编。

学术研究简介

主要研究领域为造山过程的岩石学记录,主要研究区域包括中国中部秦岭-桐柏-大别显生宙增生/碰撞造山带、东南极前寒武纪高级变质岩区和西南极中新生代增生造山带,在桐柏-大别高压/超高压岩石的热结构、保存与剥露机制、增生-碰撞过程以及东南极高温变质作用、多期构造热事件识别、超大陆演化等方面取得了一系列成果。

1、桐柏-大别造山带增生/碰撞过程:较早涉足桐柏-大别造山带高压/超高压变质作用的调查和研究,提出并被证实高压/超高压变质带向东延伸到朝鲜半岛的问题,为巨型高压带的确立做出贡献;在大别山超高压变质地体中识别出未记录超高压变质反应的亚稳定岩石,为其快速俯冲和折返机制提供了岩石学制约,有助于人们对超高压变质作用性质和过程的理解;在西大别实测一条比例尺为1:1万,长达130 km的横穿造山带地质剖面,这也是我国首次实施穿越整个造山带的剖面实测,沿剖面详细研究了高压-超高压变质带在空间和时间上的演化规律,并以此为基础为大别造山带建立了一个类似于阿尔卑斯式的的构造模型和多板片穿时俯冲-折返的动力学模型;将桐柏造山带划分为北部的增生造山系统和南部的碰撞造山系统,重塑了华北-扬子陆块之间从大洋俯冲/增生到大陆俯冲/碰撞的构造演化过程,提出龟山杂岩与被分割的熊店榴辉岩带是石炭纪大洋俯冲-增生所形成的双变质带的新认识以及华南陆壳俯冲向西变浅的模式。

2、东南极构造-变质演化与超大陆汇聚:六次赴南极考察,其中3次带队,使我国的南极地质考察从科考站附近向外扩展到400 km的范围。编制出南极普里兹带1:50万地质图;发现高压麻粒岩和石榴二辉麻粒岩,证明这些麻粒岩形成于较高温压条件下的泛非期(550-500 Ma)单相变质旋回,而非两次变质事件的产物,不仅修正了前人关于本区变质作用演化的认识,而且为普里兹带的碰撞造山成因提供了岩石学证据;在格罗夫山识别出新元古代大规模基性-酸性岩浆侵入事件和泛非期紫苏花岗岩,提出紫苏花岗岩及其伴生的A型花岗岩是在同-后造山阶段由富集地幔底侵物质的部分熔融形成的,为紫苏花岗岩的成因提出了新解;重新厘定了普里兹湾-查尔斯王子山地区格林维尔期(1000-900 Ma)构造热事件的时代和性质,揭示印度克拉通与东南极陆块在最终碰撞之前经历了长期(~500 Ma)的岛弧增生过程,提出格林维尔期造山作用是由弧陆碰撞演化到陆陆碰撞的两阶段碰撞构造演化模型。这些发现和认识不仅刻画了格林维尔期和泛非期的精细造山作用过程,而且为研究东南极大陆以及冈瓦纳古大陆的形成和演化提供了重要证据。

专业工作获奖情况

[1] 2017年被国土资源部授予“国土资源部科技领军人才”.

[2] 2017年被人力资源和社会保障部及国家海洋局授予“中国极地考察先进个人”.

[3] 2016年被24小时用心打造官网授予“优秀地质人才”.

[4] 2016年被评为国土资源部“十二五科技与国际合作先进个人”.

[5] 2012年获中国地质科学院新华联科技奖-突出贡献奖.

[6] 2011年被评为国土资源部“十一五科技工作先进个人”.

[7] 2006年被评为国土资源部“十五科技工作先进个人”.

[8] 2005年被24小时用心打造官网嘉奖.

[9] 1999年获首届“国土资源部直属机关优秀青年”.

[10] 1995年获中国地质学会第五届青年地质科技奖-银锤奖.

主要论文及著作情况:

[1] Yu Shihang, Liu Xiaochun (通讯作者), Fu Bin, Ian C W Fitzsimons, Chen Longyao, Wang Wei-(RZ), Lou Yuxing and Song Biao, 2022. Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of mid-Neoproterozoic low-δ18O metamafic rocks from the Leeuwin Complex, southwestern Australia. Precambrian Research, 368: 106473.

[2] Liu Xiaochun, Chen Longyao, Wang Wei-(RZ), Zhao Yue, Ling Xiaoxiao and Song Biao, 2021. Deciphering early Neoproterozoic and Cambrian high-grade metamorphic events in the Archean/Mesoproterozoic Rauer Group, East Antarctica. Precambrian Research, 365: 106392.

[3] Liu Xiaochun, Chen Yi, Wang Wei-(RZ), Xia Mengmeng, Hu juan, Li Yibing, Hu Daogong and Song Biao, 2021. Carboniferous eclogite and garnet-omphacite granulite from northeastern Hainan Island, South China: implications for the evolution of the eastern Paleo-Tethys. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 39: 101-132.

[4] Liu Xiaochun, Fu Bin, Li Qiuli, Zhao Yue, Liu Jian and Chen Hong, 2020. The impact of the Pan-African-aged tectonothermal event on high-grade rocks at Mount Brown, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 32: 45-57.

[5] Liu Xiaochun, Ling Xiaoxiao and Jahn Bor-ming, 2018. U-Th-Pb monazite and Sm-Nd dating of high-grade rocks from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: further evidence for a Pan-African-aged monometamorphic terrane. Advances in Polar Science, 29 (2): 108-117.

[6] Hu Juan, Liu Xiaochun (通讯作者), Qu Wei and Chen Longyao, 2018. Mid-Neoproterozoic amphibolite facies metamorphism at the northern margin of the Yangtze craton. Precambrian Research,?326: 333-343.

[7] Liu Xiaochun, Zhao Yue, Chen Hong and Song Biao, 2017. New zircon U-Pb and Hf-Nd isotopic constraints on the timing of magmatism, sedimentation and metamorphism in the northern Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Precambrian Research, 299: 15-33.

[8] Liu Xiaochun, Wang Wei-(RZ), Zhao Yue, Liu Jian, Chen Hong, Cui Yingchun and Song Biao, 2016. Early Mesoproterozoic arc magmatism followed by early Neoproterozoic granulite facies metamorphism with a near-isobaric cooling path at Mount Brown, Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. Precambrian Research, 284: 30-48.

[9] Wang Wei, Liu Xiaochun (通讯作者), Zhao Yue, Zheng Guanggao and Chen Longyao, 2016. U-Pb zircon ages and Hf isotopic compositions of metasedimentary rocks from the Grove Subglacial Highlands, East Antarctica: constraints on the provenance of protoliths and timing of sedimentation and metamorphism. Precambrian Research, 275: 135-150

[10] Liu Xiaochun, Li Sanzhong and Jahn B-m, 2015. Tectonic evolution of the Tongbai-Hong'an orogen in central China: from oceanic subduction/accretion to continent-continent collision. Science China Earth Sciences, 58(9): 1477-1496.

[11] Liu Xiaochun, Wang Wei-(RZ), Zhao Yue, Liu Jian and Song Biao, 2014. Early Neoproterozoic granulite facies metamorphism of mafic dykes from the Vestfold Block, east Antarctica. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 32: 1041-1062

[12] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Zhao Yue, Liu Jian and Ren Liudong, 2014. Geochemistry and geochronology of Mesoproterozoic basement rocks from the eastern Amery Ice Shelf and southwestern Prydz Bay, East Antarctica: implications for a long-lived magmatic accretion in a continental arc. American Journal of Science, 314: 508-547.

[13] Chen Longyao, Liu Xiaochun (通讯作者), Qu Wei and Hu Juan, 2014. U-Pb zircon ages and geochemistry of the Wuguan complex in the Qinling orogen, central China: implications for the late Paleozoic tectonic evolution between the Sino-Korean and Yangtze cratons. Lithos, 192-195: 192-207.

[14] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m and Li Sanzhong, 2013. Diachroneity of continental subduction and exhumation: constraints from the Permian-Triassic HP metamorphic terrane in the Tongbai orogen, central China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58(35): 4397-4404.

[15] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Li Sanzhong and Liu Yongsheng, 2013. U-Pb zircon age and geochemical constraints on tectonic evolution of the Paleozoic accretionary orogenic system in the Tongbai orogen, central China. Tectonophysics, 599: 67-88.

[16] Liu Xiaochun, Zhao Yue and Hu Jianmin, 2013. The c. 1000-900 Ma and c. 550-500 Ma tectonothermal events in the Prince Charles Mountains-Prydz Bay region, East Antarctica, and their relations to supercontinent evolution. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 383: 95-112.

[17] Hu Juan, Liu Xiaochun (通讯作者), Chen Longyao, Qu Wei, Li Huaikun and Geng Jianzhen, 2013. A ~2.5 Ga magmatic event at the northern margin of the Yangtze craton: evidence from U-Pb dating and Hf isotope analysis of zircons from the Douling Complex in the South Qinling orogen. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58(28-29): 3564-3579.

[18] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn, B-m, Hu Juan, Li Sanzhong, Liu Xin and Song Biao, 2011. Metamorphic patterns and SHRIMP zircon ages of medium-to-high grade rocks from the Tongbai orogen, central China: implications for multiple accretion/collision processes prior to terminal continental collision. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 29: 979-1002.

[19] Liu Xiaochun, Chen Boling, Jahn B-m, Wu Ganguo and Liu Yongsheng, 2011. Early Paleozoic (ca. 465 Ma) eclogites from Beishan (NW China) and their bearing on the tectonic evolution of the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 42: 715-731.

[20] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn, B-m, Cui Jianjun, Li Sanzhong, Wu Yuanbao and Li Xianhua, 2010. Triassic retrograded eclogites and Cretaceous gneissic granites in the Tongbai Complex, central China: implications for the architecture of the HP/UHP Tongbai-Dabie-Sulu collision zone. Lithos, 119: 211-237.

[21] Liu Xiaochun, Hu Jianmin, Zhao Yue, Lou Yuxing, Wei Chunjing and Liu Xiaohan, 2009. Late Neoproterozoic/Cambrian high-pressure mafic granulites from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: P-T-t path, collisional orogeny and implications for assembly of East Gondwana. Precambrian Research, 174: 181-199.

[22] Liu Xiaochun, Zhao Yue, Song Biao, Liu Jian and Cui Jianjun, 2009. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronology of high-grade rocks and charnockites from the eastern Amery Ice Shelf and southwestern Prydz Bay, East Antarctica: constraints on Late Mesoproterozoic to Cambrian tectonothermal events related to supercontinent assembly. Gondwana Research, 16: 342-361.

[23] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Dong Shuwen, Lou Yuxing and Cui Jianjun, 2008. High-pressure metamorphic rocks from Tongbaishan, central China: U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar age constraints on the provenance of protoliths and timing of metamorphism. Lithos, 105: 301-318.

[24] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Zhao Yue, Zhao Guochun and Liu Xiaohan, 2007. Geochemistry and geochronology of high-grade rocks from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: evidence for an Early Neoproterozoic basement metamorphosed during a single Late Neoproterozoic/Cambrian tectonic cycle. Precambrian Research, 158: 93-118.

[25] Liu Xiaochun, Zhao Yue, Zhao Guochun, Jian Ping and Xu Gang, 2007. Petrology and geochronology of granulites from the McKaskle Hills, eastern Amery Ice Shelf, Antarctica, and implications for the evolution of the Prydz Belt. Journal of Petrology, 48: 1443-1470.

[26] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Zhao Yue, Li Miao, Li Huimin and Liu Xiaohan, 2006. Late Pan-African granitoids from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: age, origin and tectonic implications. Precambrian Research, 145: 131-154.

[27] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Liu Dunyi, Dong Shuwen and Li Sanzhong, 2004. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon dating of a metagabbro and eclogites from western Dabieshan (Hong’an block), China, and its tectonic implications. Tectonophysics, 394: 171-192.

[28] Liu Xiaochun, Wei Chunjing, Li Sanzhong, Dong Shuwen and Liu Jianmin, 2004. Thermobaric structure of a traverse across western Dabieshan: implications for collision tectonics between the Sino-Korean and Yangtze cratons. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 22: 361-379.

[29] Liu Xiaochun, Jahn B-m, Dong Shuwen, Li Huimin and Oberh?nsli R, 2003. Neoproterozoic granitoid did not record ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism from the southern Dabieshan of China. Journal of Geology, 111: 719-732.

[30] Liu Xiaochun, Zhao Ziran, Zhao Yue, Chen Jing and Liu Xiaohan, 2003. Pyroxene exsolution in mafic granulites from the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica: constraints on the Pan-African metamorphic conditions. European Journal of Mineralogy, 15: 55-65.

[31] Liu Xiaochun, Zhao Yue and Liu Xiaohan, 2002. Geological aspects of the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica. In: Gamble J. A., Skinner D. N. B. and Henrys S (eds), Antarctica at the close of a millennium. Royal Society of New Zealand Bulletin, 35: 161-166.

[32] Liu Xiaochun, Dong Shuwen, Xue Huaimin and Zhou Jianxiong, 1999. Significance of allanite-(Ce) in granitic gneisses from the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic terrane, Dabie Shan, central China. Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 579-586.

[33] Liu Xiaochun, Zhou Huyun, Ma Zhesheng and Chang Lihua, 1998. Chrome-rich clinopyroxene in orthopyroxenite from Maowu,the Dabie Mountains, Central China: A second record and its implications for petrogenesis. The Island Arc, 7: 135-141.

[34] Liu Xiaochun, 1996. Chromomphacite in orthopyroxenite from Maowu, Dabie Mountains, and its significance. Chinese Science Bulletin, 41(8): 659-662.

[35] Liu Xiaochun, 1993. High-P metamorphic belt in central China and its possible eastward extension to Korea. Journal of Petrological Society of Korea, 2(1): 9-18.

承担的地调、科研项目

[1] 国家自然科学基金重点(极地专项)项目: 东南极古大陆的早期演化及后期改造(41941004), 负责人, 2020.01-2023.12.

[2] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 南秦岭造山带中生代构造演化的变质岩石学约束(41872059), 负责人, 2019.01-2022.12.

[3] 国家自然科学基金重点项目: 东南极埃默里地区多期变质事件的甄别及对冈瓦纳重建的启示(41530209), 负责人, 2016.01-2020.12.

[4] 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)专题: 大陆碰撞带浅俯冲岩片的变质过程与拆离折返(2015CB856104), 负责人, 2015.01-2019.08.

[5] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 南极半岛北部-南设得兰群岛中新生代高压变质与岛弧岩浆作用研究(41372082), 负责人, 2014.01-2017.12.

[6] 24小时用心打造官网国土资源大调查项目: 东冈瓦纳埃默里地区新元古-早古生代造山作用研究(12120113019000), 负责人, 2013.01-2015.12.

[7] 国家极地专项专题: 南极大陆矿产资源考察与评估(CHINARE2012-02-05), 负责人, 2012.01-2016.12.

[8] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 东南极西福尔丘陵麻粒岩化基性岩墙群的时代、变质过程及构造意义(41076127), 负责人, 2011.01-2013.12.

[9] 24小时用心打造官网国土资源大调查项目: 南极普里兹湾-北查尔斯王子山基础地质研究(1212011120176), 负责人, 2011.01-2012.12.

[10] 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)课题: 洋壳与陆壳俯冲转换的时空记录(2009CB825006), 负责人, 2009.01-2011.08.

[11] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 东南极埃默里冰架东缘的构造属性及演化过程(40872052), 负责人, 2009.01-2011.12.

[12] 24小时用心打造官网国土资源大调查项目: 鄂豫交界桐柏山地区碰撞造山带结构与区域成矿背景(1212010711812), 负责人, 2007.01-2010.12.

[13] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 从古生代增生到中生代碰撞:桐柏山高级与高压变质杂岩研究(40672047), 负责人, 2007.01-2009.12.

[14] 24小时用心打造官网国土资源大调查项目: 东南极普里兹带1:50万地质图编制(1212010511505), 负责人, 2004.01-2006.12.

[15] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 东南极普里兹带从格林维尔到泛非期变质与岩浆演化及其大地构造意义(40372046), 负责人, 2004.01-2006.12.

[16] 东南极格罗夫山高级变质与侵入杂岩:对格林威尔和泛非构造事件的制约, 负责人, 2002.01-2005.12.

[17] 国土资源部自由探索项目: 桐柏山-西大别高压带结构及与大别-苏鲁和秦岭高压带的对比(2002406), 负责人, 2002.01-2004.12.

[18] 国家自然科学基金面上项目: 东南极格罗夫山泛非期变质演化及东冈瓦纳形成历史研究(40072028), 负责人, 2001.01-2003.12.

[19] 24小时用心打造官网国土资源大调查项目: 湖北红安地区构造和年代格架与高压-超高压变质带的演化(200013000169), 负责人, 2000.01-2002.12.

[20] 地质矿产部青年地质学家基金项目: 皖西毛屋岩体早期矿物包体序列、成因演化与金刚石找寻(9608), 负责人, 1997.01-1999.12.

[21] 国家自然科学基金青年项目: 大别山超高压变质作用机制与性质的模拟实验研究(49502027), 负责人, 1996.01-1999.12.

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